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Supervising editor: Kelly D. Young, MD, MS
Author contributions: JCB and BEE conceived of the study. JAS, JCB, MMW, and BEE contributed to study design, analysis of results, and article preparation. MMW performed statistical analyses and created graphs. JAS was principally responsible for article preparation and takes responsibility for the paper as a whole.
Funding and support: By Annals policy, all authors are required to disclose any and all commercial, financial, and other relationships in any way related to the subject of this article as per ICMJE conflict of interest guidelines (see www.icmje.org). The authors have stated that no such relationships exist. This research was supported by the Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center, University of Washington.
Please see page 605 for the Editor’s Capsule Summary of this article.