During acute HIV infection, individuals develop acute symptoms and seek care in acute
care settings, such as the emergency department. Acute HIV infection symptoms are
similar to those of a nonspecific flu-like illness, including fever, malaise, headache,
sore throat, nausea, diarrhea, and weight loss. These symptoms, in conjunction with
a positive 4th generation HIV test and historical data indicating risk factors for acquiring HIV,
are suggestive of acute HIV infection. The objective of this study is to describe
the demographics and presenting clinical symptoms of patients diagnosed with acute
HIV infection in an urban emergency department in Los Angeles.
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