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Please see page 2 for the Editor’s Capsule Summary of this article.
Supervising editor: Jocelyn Gravel, MD. Specific detailed information about possible conflict of interest for individual editors is available at https://www.annemergmed.com/editors.
Author contributions: MLB, SRD, NP, MDL, SB, EO, AK, JF, JAC, JN, and YG conceptualized and contributed to the data collection. SRD, NP, MDL, SB, EO, SJCH, AK, JF, JAC, JN, YG, and FEB reviewed the article. All authors revised the article. MLB conceptualized the study, interpreted the data, and drafted the initial article. FEB conceptualized and devised the data collection tools and coordinated and supervised data collection for the original study. SJCH performed the statistical analysis. All authors approved the final article as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work. MLB takes responsibility for the paper as a whole.
All authors attest to meeting the four ICMJE.org authorship criteria: (1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND (2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND (3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND (4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding and support: By Annals policy, all authors are required to disclose any and all commercial, financial, and other relationships in any way related to the subject of this article as per ICMJE conflict of interest guidelines (see www.icmje.org). The study was funded by grants from the National Health and Medical Research Council (project grant GNT1046727 , Centre of Research Excellence for Paediatric Emergency Medicine GNT1058560 ), Canberra, Australia; the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia; the Emergency Medicine Foundation ( EMPJ-11162 ), Brisbane, Australia; Perpetual Philanthropic Services (2012/1140), Australia; Auckland Medical Research Foundation (No. 3112011 ) and the A + Trust (Auckland District Health Board), Auckland, New Zealand; WA Health Targeted Research Funds 2013, Perth, Australia; and the Townsville Hospital and Health Service Private Practice Research and Education Trust Fund, Townsville, Australia. The study was supported by the Victorian Government’s Infrastructure Support Program, Melbourne, Australia. Dr. Babl’s time was partly funded by a grant from the Royal Children’s Hospital Foundation and the Melbourne Campus Clinician Scientist Fellowship, Melbourne, Australia, and an NHMRC Practitioner Fellowship, Canberra, Australia. Dr. Dalziel’s time was partly funded by the Health Research Council of New Zealand ( HRC13/556 ).
Trial registration number: ACTRN12614000463673
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